SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2019年3月22日)_SAT每日一题 - 可可英语

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SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2019年3月22日)

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The recovery of southern sea otters appears to have taken an upturn, according to results from the annual California sea otter survey released by the U.S. Geological Survey. Yet despite an overall increase in sea otter abundance, sharks have been "taking a bite" out of the portion of the population that could fuel expansion into new areas.

"There's much more to the story here than the main finding would suggest," said Dr. Tim Tinker, a research ecologist who leads the USGS sea otter research program. "We are looking into various factors that may be affecting the survey results, including a boom in urchin abundance from Big Sur to Monterey that may explain the uptick in numbers in the range center, and high levels of shark bite mortality that are likely responsible for continued declines at the north and south ends of the range."

This year's survey results suggest an increasing trend over the last five years of almost 2 percent per year and the population index, a statistical representation of the entire population calculated as the three-year running average of census counts, has climbed to 3,054 from 2,711 in 2010. The growth is accounted for by an unexpected jump in numbers in the center of the sea otter's range, an area that spans from Monterey south to Cambria.

While the population index continues to trend upward, the northern and southern subsets of the population continue a five-year decline, dropping 2 percent and 3.4 percent per year, respectively, numbers consistent with increased shark bite induced mortality in these same areas.

Since the 1980s, USGS scientists have computed the annual population index and evaluated trends in the southern sea otter, "Enhydra lutris nereis," a federally listed threatened species found in California. For southern sea otters to be considered for removal from threatened species listing under the Endangered Species Act, the population index would have to exceed 3,090 for three consecutive years.

pic 1

The lines on the graph represent the 3-year running average of the southern sea otter population in the north, central, and south coastal regions.

Adapted from Brian Hatfield and Tim Tinker, "Spring 2015 California Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) Census Results." Published in 2015 by US Geological Survey.

The underlined word fuel most nearly means ________

(A) stimulate.
(B) reinforce.
(C) support.
(D) provide.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
[reindʒ]

想一想再看

n. 范围,行列,射程,山脉,一系列
v. 排

 
['ɔtə]

想一想再看

n. 水獭;水獭皮

 
[。pɔpju'leiʃən]

想一想再看

大富豪彩票注册n. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数

联想记忆
[ri'kʌvəri]

想一想再看

n. 恢复,复原,痊愈

 
[iks'pænʃən]

想一想再看

n. 扩大,膨胀,扩充

联想记忆
['stimjuleit]

想一想再看

vt. 刺激,激励,鼓舞
vi. 起刺激作用

联想记忆
['kritikəl]

想一想再看

adj. 批评的,决定性的,危险的,挑剔的
a

 
['spi:ʃiz]

想一想再看

大富豪彩票注册n. (单复同)物种,种类

 
[mɔ:'tæliti]

想一想再看

n. 必死的命运,死亡数目,死亡率

联想记忆
[。ri:in'fɔ:s]

想一想再看

vt. 加强,增援
vi. 得到加强

联想记忆


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